اهمیت عامل نقدشوندگی در توضیح مازاد بازده سهام: شواهد جدید از بورس اوراق بهادار تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه حسابداری دانشکدۀ مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزکوه، فیروزکوه، ایران

2 کارشناس‎ارشد حسابداری، دانشکدۀ مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزکوه، فیروزکوه، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، نقش عامل نقدشوندگی را در توضیح مازاد بازده سهام شرکت‌های بورس تهران بررسی می‌کند. نتایج برازش مدل قیمت‌گذاری دارایی سرمایه‌ای، مدل دوعاملی لیو (2006)، مدل سه‎عاملی فاما و فرنچ (1993) و مدل چهارعاملی (صرف نقدشوندگی به‎علاوۀ سه عامل فاما و فرنچ) بر هشت پورتفوی ساخته‎شده بر مبنای اندازه، نسبت ارزش دفتری به بازار و نقدشوندگی، نشان می‌دهد مدل دوعاملی لیو توضیح بهتری از مدل قیمت‌گذاری دارایی سرمایه‌ای دارد؛ اما در مقایسه با مدل سه‎عاملی فاما و فرنچ توان توضیح بیشتری ندارد. با افزودن صرف نقدشوندگی به مدل سه‎عاملی فاما و فرنچ، توان توضیحی افزایش شایان توجهی می‌یابد که نشان می‌دهد چهار عامل بازار، اندازه، ارزش و نقدشوندگی در تبیین بازده سهام مؤثرند. نتایج به‎دست‎آمده در برابر تحلیل‌های حساسیت پایدارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of liquidity factor in explaining the stock returns: New evidence from Tehran Stock Exchange

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolreza Talaneh 1
  • Meynoosh Hosseini 2
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkuh Branch, Firoozkuh, Iran
2 MSc., Faculty of Management and Accounting, Islamic Azad University, Firoozkuh Branch, Firoozkuh, Iran
چکیده [English]

This paper examines the role of liquidity factor in explaining the cross-section of stock returns of firms listed on Tehran Stock Exchange. The regression results of CAPM, Liu's two-factor model, the Fama-French three-factor model, and a Four-factor model in eight portfolios formed by Size, B/M Ratio, and Liquidity show that the two-factor (market and liquidity) model outperforms the CAPM in  explaining the cross-section of stock returns but not the Fama-French three-factor model. Adding liquidity premium to Fama-French three-factor model notably improves the adjusted R square of the model implying that all four factors of market, size, value, and liquidity play a significant role in explaining stock returns. The results are robust to sensitivity analyses for up and down market conditions and seasonal behavior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fama-French three-factor model
  • liquidity
  • Liu's two-factor model
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