فرهنگ سازمانی و تمکین مالیاتی شرکتی (مطالعۀ موردی: اداره کل امور مالیاتی مودیان بزرگ)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه حسابداری، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی و اقتصادی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری حسابداری، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی و اقتصادی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری حسابداری، دانشکدۀ مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

 با توجه به اهمیت مالیات و درآمدهای مالیاتی در توسعۀ اقتصاد کشور و تحقق اهداف کلان اجتماعی، شناخت عوامل مؤثر بر تمکین مالیاتی ضرورت بسیاری دارد. شناخت این عوامل به‎منظور طراحی روش­های کارآمد برای افزایش درآمدهای مالیاتی، مستلزم درک جنبه‎های گوناگون رفتاری مؤدیان در خصوص قضاوت و تصمیم­گیری برای تمکین مالیاتی است. از آنجا که تصمیم مؤدیان به تمکین مالیاتی تابعی از هنجارهای فرهنگی است، توجه به تأثیر فرهنگ اهمیت بسیاری دارد. این پژوهش به بررسی رابطۀ فرهنگ سازمانی و تمکین مالیاتی شرکتی می­پردازد. در این پژوهش برای سنجش فرهنگ سازمانی، از پرسشنامۀ فرهنگی هافستد و برای اندازه­گیری تمکین مالیاتی شرکتی، از معیاری مبتنی بر تفاوت مالیات ابرازی و قطعی شرکت­ها استفاده شده است. نمونۀ آماری پژوهش، 65 شرکت از شرکت­های ادارۀ کل امور مالیاتی مؤدیان بزرگ طی سال‎های 1387 تا 1391 است. نتایج نشان می­دهد فرهنگ سازمانی بر تمکین مالیاتی شرکتی اثر شایان توجهی دارد و تمکین مالیاتی شرکت­ها، از طریق اجتناب از عدم اطمینان کم، فردگرایی زیاد، مردگرایی زیاد و فاصلۀ قدرت کم مشخص می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

organizational culture and corporate tax compliance (The Case study of Large Taxpayers Units)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahnaz Mollanazari 1
  • Mina Abouhamzeh 2
  • Mohammad Mahdi Mirzaee Abbas Abad 3
1 Associate Prof., Faculty of Social Sciences and Economics, alzahra University
چکیده [English]

Regarding the critical role of tax and tax revenues in developing the country`s economy and achieving social objectives, recognition the factors affecting tax compliance is very important. Understanding these factors in order to design efficient methods to increase tax revenues, requires an understanding of the behavioral aspects of judgment and decision making for taxpayers on tax compliance. Since tax payers’ decision to compliance is a function of cultural norms, therefore it is critical to consider the influence of culture. This study examines the relationship between organizational culture and corporate tax compliance. In this study to measure organizational culture, Hofstede's Cultural questionnaire and to measure corporate tax compliance, an index based on the difference between expression and certain taxes is used. Sample of this study included 65 companies from Large Taxpayers Units during the period 1387 to 1391. The conclusions show that organizational culture has a significant effect on corporate tax compliance and corporate tax compliance by low uncertainty avoidance, high individualism, low power distance and high masculinity determined.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • corporate tax compliance
  • Culture
  • Hofstede's cultural framework
  • Organizational Culture
  • tax revenues
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