بررسی تأثیر مدیریت سود تعهدی بر رابطۀ بین مدیریت واقعی سود و هزینۀ سرمایه

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار حسابداری، دانشکدۀ علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 مربی گروه حسابداری، دانشگاه کوثر، بجنورد، ایران

3 کارشناس‎ارشد حسابداری، دانشکدۀ علوم اقتصادی و اداری، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش در پی پاسخ به این سؤال است که آیا اقلام تعهدی اختیاری به‎عنوان جانشین مدیریت سود تعهدی بر رابطۀ مدیریت سود واقعی و هزینۀ سرمایه تأثیرگذار است؟ در این پژوهش مدیریت سود تعهدی بر مبنای مدل کازنیک و مدیریت واقعی سود از طریق جریان نقدی غیرعادی، تولید غیرعادی و هزینه‌های اختیاری غیرعادی سنجیده شده است. نتایج برآورد رابطۀ فرضیه‌های پژوهش با بهره‎مندی از روش داده‌های ترکیبی برای 121 شرکت بورس اوراق بهادار تهران طی دورۀ پنج‎ساله (1388 تا 1392) حاکی از این است که بین هر یک از معیارهای مدیریت سود واقعی و هزینۀ سرمایه، رابطۀ مثبت معناداری وجود دارد. همچنین یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد مدیریت سود واقعی نه‎تنها به‎صورت مستقیم، بلکه به‎طور غیرمستقیم و از طریق مدیریت سود تعهدی (میانجی‌گر کامل) بر هزینۀ سرمایه اثر می‎گذارد. به بیان دیگر مدیریت سود واقعی، مدیریت سود تعهدی را بالا می‎برد و مدیریت سود تعهدی موجب افزایش هزینۀ سرمایه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of the Accrual Earnings Management efffect on the relationship between Real Earnings Management and Cost of capital

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yahya Kamyabi 1
  • Masome Shahsavari 2
  • Rasol Salmani 3
1 Head of accounting department
چکیده [English]

This study investigates mediating role of accrual-based earnings management on the relationship between real earnings management (abnormal cash flow operating, abnormal production and abnormal discretionary expenses) and Cost of capital. We measured accrual-based earnings management through Kasznik Model and real earnings management by abnormal profits through cash flow, producing unusual and abnormal discretionary expenses. Using a combination of technical data for the 121 companies in Tehran Stock Exchange during the 5 year period 2009 to 2013, results of this study show that real earnings management is positively associated with cost of equity. In addition, findings show that real earnings management not only was directly related to cost of capital, but also indirectly associated with the cost of capital through an accrual earnings management. In other words, real earnings management causes rising accrual-based earnings management, and accrual-based earnings management will increase cost of capital.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • abnormal cash flow operating
  • abnormal discretionary expenses
  • Abnormal Production
  • Accrual earnings management
  • cost of equity
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