A Survey on the Effect of Auditing Firm’s Size and the Organizational Level of Auditors on the Ethical Reasoning at Different Stages of Kohlberg's Theory of Cognitive Moral Development

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Accounting Department- Faculty of Management and Accounting-Shahid Beheshti University- Tehran- Iran

2 accounting department- Faculty of Management and Accounting-Shahid Beheshti University- Tehran- Iran

3 MSc in Accounting- Faculty of Management and Accounting-Shahid Beheshti Universit,y- Tehran-Iran

Abstract

A Survey on the Effect of Auditing Firm’s Size and the Organizational Level of Auditors on the Ethical Reasoning at Different Stages of Kohlberg's Theory of Cognitive Moral Development

Abstract
Objective:
This study is designed to investigate the effect of auditing firm’s size and the organizational level of auditors on the ethical reasoning at different stages of Kohlberg's theory of cognitive moral development.
Methods:
This study is a descriptive survey. A questionnaire containing a scenario was used to collect research data. 355 questionnaires were collected at 2020 from auditors working in private audit firms and the Audit Organization. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis.
Results:
The present study has been three main findings: The first shows that the ethical reasoning of Iranian auditors is at the post-contractual level of Kohlberg’s theory. The second indicates a negative relationship between the levels of ethical reasoning and the size of audit firms, and finally the last finding shows that with improving auditors' position in audit firms, their levels of ethical reasoning decreases.
Conclusion:
The results indicate that the size of the auditing firms and the organizational level of auditors affect on their ethical reasonings. The findings of this study can help policy makers and legislators to avoid the potential risk of negligence by auditors.
A Survey on the Effect of Auditing Firm’s Size and the Organizational Level of Auditors on the Ethical Reasoning at Different Stages of Kohlberg's Theory of Cognitive Moral Development

Abstract
Objective:
This study is designed to investigate the effect of auditing firm’s size and the organizational level of auditors on the ethical reasoning at different stages of Kohlberg's theory of cognitive moral development.
Methods:
This study is a descriptive survey. A questionnaire containing a scenario was used to collect research data. 355 questionnaires were collected at 2020 from auditors working in private audit firms and the Audit Organization. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis.
Results:
The present study has been three main findings: The first shows that the ethical reasoning of Iranian auditors is at the post-contractual level of Kohlberg’s theory. The second indicates a negative relationship between the levels of ethical reasoning and the size of audit firms, and finally the last finding shows that with improving auditors' position in audit firms, their levels of ethical reasoning decreases.
Conclusion:
The results indicate that the size of the auditing firms and the organizational level of auditors affect on their ethical reasonings. The findings of this study can help policy makers and legislators to avoid the potential risk of negligence by auditors.

Keywords

Main Subjects