Publication Ethics

Code of Ethics for Research and Scientific Publications of the Faculty of Management of the UT

Scientific publications of the Faculty of Management of the University of Tehran include five journals: Accounting and Auditing Review (AAR), Journal of Business Management (JBM), Journal of Public Administration (JPA), Financial Research Journal (FRJ), Journal of Information Technology Management (JITM), and Industrial Management Journal (IMJ).

To achieve such goal, the surveying process and research papers publishing should be done accurately fairly. To make all beneficiaries rely on serving justice in the checking and publishing process of journals results in reliability and popularity of the journals and publications. Thus, the code of Ethics of publications has been designed to obtain the purpose of confidence in checking and publishing process of journals.

 In this code, the policies of publications are expressed to guarantee the ethical behavior of all participants in the mentioned process. This code of ethics is applied for all submitted papers to the publications of Management faculty from 1st of February 2012 which may be revised and modified by the publications authorities. This code has been set up in three parts for authors, editors and reviewers who are asked to study precisely to ask the editor of the publication any queries with the help of Management papers site.  

The Code of Ethics for the Authors

Originality

As an author begins submitting an article, the article should be a novel and original task. The author is not allowed to submit an article whose part is being studied somewhere else. He/ she cannot submit the article whose part is being studied and assessed to another journal as well. The submitted journal either part of it or the whole in Persian or any other languages is not allowed to be accepted which has been published previously or is going to be published in the future.

Authors should express their primary ideas and tasks explicitly even they have been revised and quoted objectively. If precise sentences or paragraphs are seen in a research paper which seems it is an extract from an essay or the citation from another author, this sentence should be put in quotation mark. The essay ought to specify the origin of each applied datum and also all data. If specific data collection is applied by another author or this author, it should inform the other published or unpublished tasks.

Authors should not submit the article which has been previously submitted to this journal, assessed and finally disapproved by the editor. If the first version was disapproved and the author is willing to submit a modified version for assessment, the essay resubmission justification should be clearly explained for the author or the editor. The permission for essay resubmission for the second time is possible in a particular situation.

Plagiarism

The article registration will inform all authors by sending an email in the site of Management Faculty journals. It is evident that inserting the author `s name in the article is considered as his / her main role in writing the essay if the essay authors have no role to write the essay and their name has not been mentioned. It is necessary to inform the received information by email immediately. All the authors of the article are responsible for the origin of the work. All assessment rights for the plagiarism in the journal are reserved.

Plagiarism has a variety of forms:

  1. To insert the authors and researchers ` names who have no role in the article
  2. To copy or repeat the most significant part of another article ( even the copied article is related to the author of  new essay )
  3. To show the outcome and results of the  others' researches to his own
  4. To express false results, in contrast with scientific findings or distort the outcomes of the research
  5. Continuous publishing by a single author in some journals.
  6. To apply unreliable data or manipulate research data

Plagiarism items will be studied by the journal editors for preserving the validity and the efforts of researchers without any overlook or indulgence based on the level of plagiarism then legally pursued as follows:

  1. Journal will be disapproved and in case of publishing, it will be disappeared on the site
  2. The name of the authors will be inserted in the blacklist journals of the University of Tehran
  3. It will be prosecuted by qualified legal and judicial references
  4. By writing an official letter, the plagiarism file is shared with other related domestic and foreign journals
  5. By writing an official letter to the Ministry of Science and Information Technology, ISC, universities, institutes, journals or wherever the author has used the printing rate of this paper, they are informed  the procedure

Conflict of Interest

The author should express the resources of financial scheme in the text of paper then applies to submit it.  Each of the mentioned resources should be printed with the article. If the type of situation which shows the contrast is doubtful, it should be clarified, any item in the field of conflict of benefits should inform the editor or the publishing office. The responsible author can recommend the probable reviewer for the paper at the time of submitting the essay to the journal. Authors ought to avoid any probable contrasts or its action in selecting the editors and reviewers. This kind of conflict of benefits is not only applied for the responsible author but also includes all the authors ` colleagues in the paper.

The examples of possible Conflict of Benefits are as following:

  1. One of the authors in the very institution or the organization who is a reviewer or mentioned editor
  2. One of the authors, member of the thesis committee who has been a reviewer or editor and vice versa
  3. One of the authors, editors or reviewers who are the co-author in another article or, had been a co-author of an article in the past two years.

Authors should not introduce or name the people whom they know that they have studied the previous article and have put forward their hypothesis because this movement is in contrary with the hidden assessment process of the article automatically.

Manuscripts submitted by authors from our institution or from our reviewers' board should be reviewed by referees from outside. papers submitted by reviewers and the Editorial Committee for review or revision and resubmission by the author if necessary.

 

Double-blind peer review

Journal follows a Double-Blind peer review in which the authors do not know the reviewers and vice versa. The authors should respect the confidentiality of the assessment process and don’t reveal their identity to reviewers and vice versa. For instance, an article should not include any information like self-revelation in a way that the reviewer can identify the author.

Authors should not publish their submitted papers on sites (either articles or first versions) because authors can be identified easily by reviewers in websites.

Authors should not mention the people as editor or reviewer where their previous article or previous copy has been studied and suggested his recommendations because this awareness or knowledge is in contrary with Double-Blind peer review process.

 

Precision

Authors are finally responsible for the whole content of the submitted paper to the journal. Authors are in charge of representing a precise perspective of the done research as well as an objective debate, especially for the research importance.

Authors should report their findings thoroughly, not to eliminate data relevant to the text or structure of research questions. Regardless of supporting the expected outcomes or being in contrast, results should be reported. Authors should present the features or relevant characteristics of their research, their findings and interpretation precisely. Fundamental suggestions, theories, methods, indexed and research schemes relevant with findings and their interpretations should be revealed and subjected.

The article should contain ample details and resources in a way that researchers access to the same data collection to repeat the research.

If an author discovers a mistake or an important carelessness , he / she is responsible for informing the editor and the procedure immediately to cooperate with the article modification or revision . If the author or publication, by a third person or party,  understands that the published paper is suffering from a monumental error, the author is responsible for applying the article modification or revision as well as providing the evidence for editor based on the precision and correction of the main article.

 

Authorship

All the mentioned authors should work seriously in research paper to be responsible for the results. The authorship or compilation should be shared in proportion with different supporting .

 Authors should accept the responsibility and validity of the task which include the authorship validity or compilation, only for the task which they have done practically or they have helped . Authors should typically list the name of the student as the main coauthor in the paper with multiple authors which has adapted from the student`s thesis or dissertation.

The responsible author who submits the paper to journal should send one sheet or one version of article to all shared coauthors to satisfy them by paper submission and publishing.

 

Human rights

Authors are in charge of preserving and supporting privacy, human munificence, human freedom and welfare as well as research participants. The papers which are involved in human affairs (field studies, simulations, interviews), should be done in accordance with human rights regulation necessities in the university author.

 

Being up to date             

Authors should act quickly and appropriately to revise and modify the articles. If an author cannot act before deadline (maximum one month), should contact with the editor for extension or refusal from assessment process at once.

 

Code of Ethics for Editors

Independence

Editors should preserve their pen and paper independence to work and make sure if authors are free to write. The editors are responsible for accepting or refusing the articles which typically depend on the idea and recommendations of reviewers, by the way, the articles which are inappropriate in the point of view of editors are probably refused without reviewers` assessment.

No biases

Editors should improve their position score and circumstances confidentially, constructively unbiased. Editors carry the essay review duty only based on scientific merits. Editors should act unbiased, without personal or ideological advocacy.

 

Conflict of Benefits

Editors should avoid any action which increases conflicts of benefits with its unreasonable aspect. For instance:

To avoid potential conflict of benefits, editor is not allowed to publish the article which is not clearly identified, reviewed or partly reviewed. Liability, writing authority and editing each article by editor, submitted to the journal, should be submitted by editor to another qualified person like previous editor or one of the members of board of editorial. To apply written considerations in article by the author or editor in any form is not acceptable.

Editors should avoid any paper study which is in contrast with their real or potential conflict of benefits. The contrast which is due to competitive, partnership, financial or other relations with any other companies, organizations or institutes related to article. The examples related to the relations which show conflicts of benefits of the editor or author are:

  1. Both the author and editor have been employed by one institute
  2. Editor has been one member of thesis committee of author or vice versa
  3. The editor and the author are currently coworkers and coauthors in another article or have been coauthors in an article in past two years.

 

Double-Blind peer review

Publication follows a Double-Blind peer review in which authors do not know reviewers and vice versa. The articles of the magazine seem not to be assessed mutually and stealthily. Assessment standard should be expressed crystal clear.

Confidentiality

Editors and their board of editorials are not allowed to reveal relevant information of the article to anyone but reviewers and authors. Official and formal procedures should be determined to preserve the confidentiality of assessment process.

Editors are expected to make sure the confidentiality of Double-Blind peer review process and lack of information revelation which may reveal the authors` identity to reviewers and vice versa. Reviewers` anonymity can be breached only when reviewers permit editors to reveal their identity.

Editors should make sure that their  board of editorials are compatible and coordinated with them .Some parts of a submitted article which has not been published, are not allowed to be used in a personal research of an editor without the author `s written permission. Confidential ideas or information which has been got by article assessment should be preserved privately not to be used toward private benefits.

Assessment quality

Typically, two reviewers are invited to express their idea about an article. Editor should evaluate all assessments qualitatively. Editor may rarely edit an assessed article before submitting to the author (for example, for eliminating an expression which reveal the reviewer`s identity or does not send the assessed article in case it is not constructive or appropriate. Rankings and scores of assessment quality as well as other functional features assessed periodically by the editor to make sure of optimized operation of  journal.

These scores and rankings should help decision makings in the field of reappointment of reviewing team and continuous requests. Individual operation data should be accessible for editors and kept confidentially.

 

Being up to date             

To guarantee the articles assessment and quick response to the authors ` requests about assessment status  in a determined deadline ( maximum one week after receiving  the article ) editors should apply primary assessment and reviewer selection.

 

 Quality of decision

Editors are responsible for describing the decisions of the board of editorials for authors and their articles. Editors should write high quality letters where these letters represent the combination of the reviewers` recommendations and extra suggestions for another author. Editors should not attach the result of the decision in the letter format without explanation to the advice and suggestions of the reviewer.

 Precision

As the editor receives convincing evidence from reviewer based on false concept or results of an unpublished article, should inform procedure to the author. If similar evidence about an article were published, editor should apply an emergency modified publishing, return previous one, and express relevant matters with other notes appropriately.

Authority

Editor is responsible for final authority and responsibility of the journal. They should respect journal formation (such as readers, authors, reviewers, editors, staff of the board of editorial) and try his / her best for the truthful and honest content of the journal as well as continuous improvement. Editor should select members of the board of editorial based on written assessment board, determine their responsibilities and evaluate their actions regularly.

Operation

Editor should design the operation index of journal. Journal is going to be published based on annual auditing related to admission level, publishing intervals, submitted articles percenta